State support for agriculture in Ukraine in the post-war period

Keywords: agriculture, recovery, state regulation, financing, agrarian policy.


Purpose. The purpose of the study is to assess the level and trends of state support for agriculture in Ukraine, to determine its post-war measures and programmes and to improve the method of allocating funds among state support programmes at the stage of drafting budget declarations and requests by central and regional executive bodies that implement the agricultural policy.

Methodology / approach. Analysis and synthesis were used to determine the level of state support for agriculture and its impact on its development. Assessment of the effectiveness of financing individual agricultural support programs was made using regulatory, calculation and constructive methods. Mathematical modelling methods were used to optimise the distribution of budget funds in various areas of state support for rural commodity producers aimed at forming fixed capital. Techniques of the abstract and logical toolkit allowed formulating intermediate and final conclusions.

Results. The study focuses on the directions of support for the agricultural sector of Ukraine in wartime and in the post-war period. It was established that in order to resume the operation of agricultural enterprises in the liberates territories, which produce grain and cultivate oil crops, about USD 1.370–1.500 of fixed capital are needed for 1 ha of crops and USD 1.340–1.400 of working capital. It was estimated that in 2023 the lack of working capital in Ukraine for the cultivation of grain and oil crops, with the area of their crops being at the level of 2022, will amount to about UAH 41.5 billion. It is established that support programmes for Ukrainian producers of agricultural products should be developed on the basis of the Roadmap for the Recovery in Ukraine in order to achieve the indicators of the Strategy for Ukraine’s Agro-Industrial Complex Development.

Originality / scientific novelty. The scientific value of the study is in conducting a comparative assessment of the support of agriculture in Ukraine and the EU in 2019–2021, highlighting measures of state support for the agricultural sector of Ukraine in wartime and in the post-war period. The method of allocation of funds among state support programmes at the stage of drafting budget declarations and requests by central and regional executive bodies that implement the agricultural policy has been improved.

Practical value / implications. The practical value of this study is the fact that it can be used as a source and tool in the development of relevant plans and programs aimed at the development of agriculture in Ukraine.

References (2020). State Support for Farmers – 2020: Who received how much? Available at:

Arora, N. K. (2019). Impact of climate change on agriculture production and its sustainable solutions. Environmental Sustainability, 2, 95–96.

Avramenko, N., Lebedchenko, V., & Andrusenko, N. (2022). Prospects for the recovery of Ukrainian businesses in the post-war period. Economy and Society, 46.

Bilochenko, A. (2023). Lending to the agricultural sector of Ukraine in wartime. Economy and Society, 48.

Beckman, J., Ivanic, M., & Jelliffe, J. (2021). Market impacts of Farm to Fork: Reducing agricultural input usage. Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy, 44(4), 1995–2013.

Bernoux, Martial, M. Y., Fileccia, T., Guadagni, M., & Hovhera, V. (2014). Ukraine – Soil fertility to strengthen climate resilience: preliminary assessment of the potential benefits of conservation agriculture. Washington, D.C., World Bank Group. Available at:

Dehua, Z., Haiqing, W., & Sha, L. (2021). Research on grain production efficiency in China’s main grain-producing areas from the perspective of grain subsidy. Environmental Technology & Innovation, 22, 101530.

Global Food Security Index (2022). Available at:

Heyl, K., Döring, T., Garske, B., & Stubenrauch, J. (2020). The Common Agricultural Policy beyond 2020: a critical review in light of global environmental goals. Wiley Online Library, 30(1), 95–106.

Ilchuk, M., Berezovska, L., Tomashevska, O., & Ivanov, Ye. (2023). Improving the system of environmental taxation of carbon dioxide emissions in Ukraine during the post-war period. Agricultural and Resource Economics, 9(1), 91–115.

Jin, X., Zuo, X., Dong, X., Dong, Y. J., & Ding, H. (2021). Analysis of the policy guarantee mechanism of rural infrastructure based on deep learning. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 166(25), 120605.

Kravchuk, N., Kilnitska, O., Lavrynenko, S., & Yaremova, M. (2021). Infrastructural support of socio-economic development of rural territories of Ukraine. Scientific Horizons, 24(10), 58–71.

KSE (2022). A report on direct infrastructure damage, indirect economic losses from the destruction caused by Russia’s military aggression against Ukraine, and a preliminary assessment of Ukraine’s needs for financing recovery. Available at:

Kushniruk, V., Kulinich, T., Roik, O., & Lushchyk, M. (2021). Sustainable development: strengthening of food security in EU countries. Scientific Horizons, 24(11), 85–91.

The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine (2022). On the State Budget of Ukraine for 2023. Available at:

Lupenko, Yu., Khodakivska, O., Nechyporenko, O., & Shpykuliak, O. (2022). The state and trends of agricultural development in the structure of the national economy of Ukraine. Scientific Horizons, 25(6), 121–128.

Mazorenko, D., & Mazniev, H. (Eds.) (2006). Tekhnolohichni karty ta vytraty na vyroshchuvannia silskohospodarskykh kultur z riznym resursnym zabezpechenniam [Technological maps and costs for growing agricultural crops with different resource support]. Kharkiv, Kharkiv Petro Vasylenko National Technical University of Agriculture.

Ministry of Agrarian Policy and Food of Ukraine (2023). State support. Available at:

Ministry of Agrarian Policy and Food of Ukraine (2023). Strategy for Ukraine’s Agro-Industrial Complex Development. Available at:

Nehrei, M., & Trofimtseva, O. (2022). Analysis of the agricultural sector of Ukraine in wartime. Bulletin of Karazin Kharkiv National University. Economic Series, 102, 49–56.

Official website of the European Commission (2022). Agriculture and development of rural areas. Available at:

Official website of the State Statistics Service of Ukraine (2022). Statistical information. Available at:

OЕСD (2022). OECD Agriculture Statistics. Available at:

Pajewski, T., Malak-Rawlikowska, A., & Gołębiewska, B. (2020). Measuring regional diversification of environmental externalities in agriculture and the effectiveness of their reduction by EU agri-environmental programs in Poland. Journal of Cleaner Production, 276, 123013.

Pe’er, G., Bonn, A., Bruelheide, H., Dieker, P., Eisenhauer, N., Feindt, P., Hagedorn, G., … & Lakner, S. (2020). Action needed for the EU Common Agricultural Policy to address sustainability challenges. People and Nature, 2(2), 305–316.

Pe’er, G., & Lakner, S. (2020). The EU’s Common Agricultural Policy could be spent much more efficiently to address challenges for farmers, climate, and biodiversity. One Earth, 3(2), 173–175.

Peshko, M., & Zaverbnyi, A. (2022). Challenges and prospects for changing supply chains to minimise wartime losses. Economy and society, 44.

Pryshliak, N., Dankevych, V., Tokarchuk, D., & Shpikuliak, O. (2023). Sowing and harvesting campaign in Ukraine in the conditions of active hostilities: challenges to global energy and food security. Energy Policy Journal, 26(1), 145–168.

Ranran, Z., Weimin, M., & Jinjin, L. (2020). Impact of government subsidy on agricultural production and pollution: a game-theoretic approach. Journal of Cleaner Production, 285, 124806.

Recovery of Ukraine (2023). Roadmap for Recovery of Ukraine. Available at:

Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine (2022). Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine “Some issues of providing business grants”. Available at:

Savytskyi, E. (2022). Ensuring food security and sustainable development of rural areas in the crisis period. Economy and society, 44.

Scown, M. W., Brady, M. V., & Kimberly, A., & Nicholas, K. A. (2020). Billions in misspent EU agricultural subsidies could support the Sustainable Development Goals. One Earth, 3(2), 237–250.

Shubravska, O. (Eds.). (2023). Vyklyky ta naslidky ahroprodovolchoi spetsializatsii Ukrainy u svitovii ekonomitsi [Challenges and consequences of agro-food area of Ukraine in the world economy]. Kyiv, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine; State institution “Institute for Economics and Forecasting of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine”. Available at:

Shulha, V. (2022). Support of the agricultural sector during martial law: What should we know? The League Law. Available at:

Sobkevych, O., Shevchenko, F., Rusan, V., & Zhurakovska, L. (2023). Priorytety zabezpechennia stiikosti promyslovosti y ahrarnoho sektoru ekonomiky Ukrainy v umovakh povnomasshtabnoi viiny [Priorities for ensuring the sustainability of industry and the agricultural sector of the economy Ukraine in the conditions of a full-scale war]. Kyiv, National Institute of Strategic Studies.

Tiurina, A., Kapelista, I., Omelchenko, A., Obykhod, H., & Pavliuk, S. (2021). Sustainable economic development of Ukraine through the agro-sector growth. Scientific Horizons, 24(12), 92–101.

Tyshchenko, O. (2022). Review of law changes for agribusiness in wartime. Available at:

Udova, L., & Haievyi, A. (2022). Small business in the agricultural sector of the economy of Ukraine: problems and prospects of development in the conditions of war. In D. Nascimento, G. Starchenko (Eds.), International Partnership and Cooperation of Ukraine in Wartime (pp. 122–133). University of Coimbra, Portugal – Chernihiv, REICST.

UNTAD (2022). Global Impact of war in Ukraine on food, energy and finance systems. Available at:

Veeck, G., Veeck, A., & Yu, H. (2020). Challenges of agriculture and food systems issues in China and the United States. Geography and Sustainability, 1(2), 109–117.

Vos, R., Martin, W., & Resnick, D. (2022). The political economy of reforming agricultural support policies. IFPRI Discussion Paper 2163. Washington, D.C.: International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).

How to Cite
Dibrova, A., Ilchuk, M., Konoval, I., Androsovych, I., & Zanizdra, A. (2023). State support for agriculture in Ukraine in the post-war period. Agricultural and Resource Economics: International Scientific E-Journal, 9(3), 49-76.