Long-term retrospective development of agriculture in Bulgaria, 1934–1989

  • Rossitsa Rangelova Economic Research Institute, Bulgarian Academy Sciences
  • Katia Vladimirova University for National and World Economy
Keywords: agriculture, agricultural development, Bulgaria, centrally planned economy, market type economy


The reform of agricultural land was one of the primary tasks during the transition from centrally planned to market economy in Bulgaria. The only undoubted point was the necessity of land restitution. It was without a doubt important to return the land to its rightful owners, the so called restitution. Both politicians and theoreticians were caught off guard in the face of the much needed radical reforms. The former is the main reason rendering some of the laws voted by the Bulgarian Parliament, including Law on Ownership and Use of the Farmland (1991) inefficient. The paper is aimed at outlining the main features of the long-term agricultural development in Bulgaria throughout the 20th century, namely before and during WWII as well as the period of centrally planned economy leading up to 1989. The historical overview is employed a background for the purpose of outlining preconditions for the following process of transition once again of agriculture to market economy type.



Agrarnata politika na Republika Bulgariia (1992), [Agrarian Policy of the Republic of Bulgaria], University of National and World Economy, Sofia, Bulgaria.

Alton, T. P and Associates (1986), Agricultural Output, Expenses and Depreciation, Gross Product, and Net Product in Eastern Europe, 1965, 1970, and 1975–1985. Research Project on National Income in East Central Europe, OP-9.

Alton, T. P. and Associates (1992), Agricultural Output, Gross Product, and Expenses in Eastern Europe, 1975–1991. Research Project on National Income in East Central Europe, OP-121.

Chakalov, A. (1946), Natsionalniat dohod i razhod na Bulgaria, 1924–1945, 1924–1945 [National Income and Expenditure in Bulgaria, 1924–1945], Works of the Printing House Knipegraf, Sofia, Bulgaria.

Dimov, A. (1992), Agrarniat vupros v iztochnoevropeiskite strani [The Agrarian Issue in the East European Countries], Publishing House Vezni, Sofia, Bulgaria.

Kemilev, A. (1947), Natsionalniat dohod na Bulgaria, 1936–1945 [National Income of Bulgaria, 1936–1945], Supreme Chamber, Sofia, Bulgaria.

Kondov, H. (1946), Variations de l'etendue' et morcellement de l'economie agrocole Bulgarie. Economie Nationale, annee I, no. 1, pp. 32–45.

Lampe, J. and Lackson, M. (1982), Balkan Economic History, 1550–1950. From Imperial Borderlands to Developing Nations, Indiana University Press, Bloomington, USA.

Popov, C. (1903), Statisticheskite izsledvania vurhu zemedelcheskite i skotovdni bogatstva na Bulgariia ot P. Germanov [Statistical Research on the Agricultural and Livestock Richness of Bulgaria by P. Germanov], Periodical Journal of the Bulgarian Literary Society, pp. 587–631.

Rangelova, R. (2006), Bulgariia v Evropa: ikonomicheski rastezh prez ХХ vek [Bulgaria in Europe: Economic Growth during the 20th Century], Publishing House of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences «Prof. Marin Drinov», Sofia, Bulgaria.

Rangelova, R. (2000), Bulgaria's National Income and Economic Growth, 1913–45. The Review of Income and Wealth, Series 46, No. 2, pp. 231–248.

Statisticheski godishnik na Republika Bulgaria [Statistical Yearbook of Republic of Bulgaria], National Statistical Institute, Sofia, Bulgaria.

Statistical Reference Book of Republic of Bulgaria (1994), National Statistical Institute, Sofia, Bulgaria.

Stefanov, I. (1938), Zemedelskata statistika v Bulgaria [Agricultural Statistics in Bulgaria], Methodological Study, Sofia, Bulgaria.

Totev, A. Y. (1940), The Problems of Surplus Agricultural Population. Journal of Agrarian Affairs, vol. 1, no 1, pp. 37–56.

Vladimirova, K. (1992), Zaetost, bezrabotitsa i ikonomichesko razvitie [Employment, Unemployment and Economic Development], University for National and World Economy, Sofia, Bulgaria.

Vulchev, N. and Pamukchiev, H. (1988), Strukturno i organizatsionno preustroistvo na lichnoto stopanstvo na naselenieto [Structural and Organizational Restructuring of the Private Farms], Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria.

How to Cite
Rangelova, R., & Vladimirova, K. (2016). Long-term retrospective development of agriculture in Bulgaria, 1934–1989. Agricultural and Resource Economics: International Scientific E-Journal, 2(4), 17-29. https://doi.org/10.51599/are.2016.02.04.02