The modern contribution of the basic categories of producers to Ukrainian agrarian production

  • Nataliia Samarets Dnipro State Agrarian and Economic University
  • Svitlana Nuzhna Dnipro State Agrarian and Economic University
Keywords: agribusiness, agricultural enterprises, agroholdings, farm enterprise, innovations, production, statistical methods.


Purpose. The purpose of the article is to analyze the contribution of agricultural enterprises and households to Ukrainian agrarian production, to determine the place of agricultural holdings in its formation and to indicate the role of the agricultural sector in Ukrainian exports.

Methodology / approach. The methodological research tool is an economic analysis of the activities of business entities. The statistical data of the main indicators of the production activities of agricultural enterprises is being used as empirical information. In the process of research, the following methods of economic analysis were used: formalized – a graphical method, percentage numbers, methods of mathematical statistics; non-formalized – expert assessment, comparison, analytical tables.

Results. An estimation of the dynamics of agricultural output in the basic categories of farms in 2010–2017 was made, the share of the basic categories of farms in the crop and livestock production was determined.  It is noted that in the agrarian sector of Ukraine there has been a polarization in the production of agricultural products – self-employed small-scale forms of management dominate the production of labor-intensive and low-profitable products, while large industrial high-quality agricultural enterprises are highly profitable and low labor-intensive. Researches have shown that one of the leading places in the crop production is sunflower cultivation due to its high profitability. In the example of sunflower production shows the possibilities of economic and mathematical modeling as a tool for evaluating production efficiency and forecasting. The place of the agrarian sector in the structure of Ukraine’s commodity exports in 2017 has been analyzed. It was shown that an important place in the Ukrainian agro-industrial complex is occupied by agricultural holdings, which, in particular, are very significant in the formation of Ukrainian exports of cereals and oil plants.

Originality / scientific novelty. Trends and the current state of the agro-industrial sector of Ukraine researches have been further developed. A comparative evaluation of the effectiveness and contribution of the basic categories of farms to the agricultural production at the present stage was made. For the first time, economic and mathematical models for the analysis of the main indicators of sunflower cultivation have been proposed.

Practical value / implications. The growing role of agricultural enterprises, in particular, agricultural holdings, in the development of the agro-industrial complex is shown, the place of Ukrainian agricultural products in the world food market is defined and the importance of diversification Ukrainian exports is pointed out. The established trend lines of sunflower cultivation indicators made it possible to calculate the corresponding short-term forecasts, which can be taken into account when justifying alternatives for the future development of agricultural enterprises. 


Andriichuk, V.H. (2013), New types of agroindustrial formations within the framework of the national agrarian development strategy. Economika APK, no. 1, pp. 3–15.

Andriichuk, V. H. and Sas, I. S. (2017), Criteria for distribution of agrarian enterprises by size and differentiation of the state support level for agribusiness. Economika APK, no. 10, pp. 13–24.

Bessler, D. A., Doefman, J. H., Holt, M. T. and LaFrance, J. T. (2010), Econometric Developments in Agricultural and Resource Economics: The First 100 Years. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, vol. 92, is. 2, pp. 571–589.

Dankevych, Y. (2018), Agricultural development strategy in the context of inter-sectoral integration: economic and environmental vectors. Agricultural and Resource Economics: International Scientific E-Journal, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 55–70, available at:

FAO (2017), The State of Food and Agriculture. Leveraging food systems for inclusive rural transformation, available at:

FAOSTAT (2018), Data, available at:

Grafton, R. Q., Daugbjerg, C. and Qureshi, M. E. (2015), Towards food security by 2050. Food Security, vol. 7, is. 2, pp. 179–183.

Gyrnyk, L. V. (2016), Agroholdings activity in Ukraine and their impact on the development of agriculture. Visnyk Shidnojevropejs'kogo universytetu ekonomiky i menedzhmentu, vol. 20, is. 1, pp. 35–43.

Karamushka, O. M. (2014), Balanced innovative support for increasing capital efficiency in seed enterprises performance. Actual problems of economics, vol. 151(1), pp. 181–185.

Khodakivska, O. V. and Mohylnyi, O. M. (2017), Agroholdings of Ukraine: agrarian policy and future challenges. Economika APK, no. 6, pp. 33–41.

Kononenko, O. M. (2018), European practices of supporting the sustainable rural development in terms of land relations improving. Economika APK, no. 4, pp. 95–105.

Kutsenko, І. (2018), Influence of integration on development of subjects of the agrarian sector of economy. Agricultural and Resource Economics: International Scientific E-Journal, vol.4, no.3, pp.86–103, available at: (2018a), Top 100 latifundists of Ukraine 2018, available at: (2018b), Top–10 meat producers in Ukraine 2017, available at:

Levesque, R., Khodakivska, O. V. and Yurchenko, I. V. (2017), Models for regulating the market turnover of agricultural land in the European Union. Economika APK, no. 10, pp. 5–12.

Malik, M. Y. and Shpykuliak, O. H. (2018), Trends and perspectives of development of personal peasant households. Economika APK, vol. 1, pp. 11–19.

Nuzhna, S. A. (2016), Mathematical aspects of agricultural enterprises design and planning under uncertainty. News of Dnipropetrovsk State Agrarian and Economic University, vol. 41, is. 3, pp. 128–133.

Otsuka, K., Liu, Y. and Futoshi, Y. (2016), The future of small farms in Asia. Development Policy Review, vol. 34, is. 3, pp. 441–461.

Ricciardi, V., Ramankutty, N., Mehrabi, Z., Jarvis, L. and Chookolingo, B. (2018), How much of the world’s food do smallholders produce? Global Food Security, vol. 17, pp. 64–72.

Samarets, N. M. (2016), The current state of activity of rural households in Ukraine. News of Dnipropetrovsk State Agrarian and Economic University, vol. 39(1), pp. 83–88.

Samarets, N. M. (2017), Econometric modeling in the agrarian market of vegetable production. News of Dnipropetrovsk State Agrarian and Economic University, vol. 44(2), pp. 103–108.

Samarets, N. M. (2018), Dynamics and regression analysis of the agrarian food market. Efektyvna ekonomika, vol. 10.

State Statistics Service of Ukraine (2017), Roslynnytstvo Ukrainy 2017. Statystychnyj zbirnyk [Crop production in Ukraine 2017. Statistical yearbook], State Statistics Service of Ukraine, Кyiv, Ukraine.

The World Bank (2018), World Bank Open Data, available at:

Ukrainian Agribusiness Club (2018a), LFM book, available at:

Ukrainian Agribusiness Club (2018b), Agroholdings cultivate one-third of the land of all agricultural enterprises, available at:

Vasylieva, N. K. (2016), Cluster models of households’ agrarian production development. Economic Annals-XXI, vol. 158, is. 3-4(2), pp. 13–16.

Vasylieva, N. and Pugach, A. (2017), Economic assessment of technical maintenance in grain production of Ukrainian agriculture. Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 198–203.

Zinchuk, T. O. and Dankevych, V. Ye. (2016), European experience of the agricultural land market formation. Ekonomika APK, no. 12, pp. 84–92.

How to Cite
Samarets, N., & Nuzhna, S. (2018). The modern contribution of the basic categories of producers to Ukrainian agrarian production. Agricultural and Resource Economics: International Scientific E-Journal, 4(4), 52-71.